Education and Empathy,
Clifford’s Credo is easy to understand but not many people apply it in life. Quote, “It is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence.” In other words all beliefs should be based on logic and reason. William Kingdon Clifford also coined the phrase “Mind stuff” the simple elements of which consciousness is composed. Also the phrase “Tribal Self” relating to upholding the tribe’s welfare and this gives the tribe an advantage, these principles promote the groups survival. Natural selection will in the long run preserve those tribes. The “survival of the fittest” when discussing Darwin’s theory is of then quoted and the advantages in cooperation and altruistic behavior are disregarded.
Hamilton’s rule is actually a formula that specifies the conditions under which reproductive altruism evolves; r x B > C. This states that aid-giving behavior can evolve when the indirect benefits of helping relatives compensate the aid giver for any personal loss in reproduction incurred by helping. In 2010 experiments carried out supported this theory. altruistic behavior is often seen in birds I have seen birds act as if injured to lead me away from their nest. A lone Sulphur Crested Cockatoo can be seen high in a tree ready to give warning to the flock having a picnic on the farmer’s crop. Without getting into abstract mathematics if we are observant we can see examples of altruistic actions in all species.
Pascal’s Wager is a bit like having your cake and eating it too. It proposes that humans bet with their lives on the existence or non-existence of God and the sensible thing is to believe in God as there is little to lose if wrong, but the non believer pays a hell of a price if he is mistaken. Blaise Pascle was also a mathematician and obviously a calculating one. He was no doubt referring to the Christian God; Pascle lived 1623 to 1662 about the time of the Thirty Year War, initially between the Protestant and Catholic states battling it out. The Inquisition, arguments and many bloody wars are the result of disputes over this God.
There are three religions that believe in this same God, but cannot agree on the details. Judaism has the Hebrew Bible; Christians have an added New Testament with Jesus playing the lead role. Islam’s sacred book is the Quran. I have heard it being recited, it sounds beautiful, but I could not understand a word of it. Except I do know Allah is the Muslim name for God and Muhammad is their prophet. When these three religions get their act together and can agree and live in peace. I may consider Pascal’s Wager till then I will abide with Clifford’s Credo and except Hamilton’s Rule.
There are many other philosophical hypotheses, to pursue and consider. The Daia Theory that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that contributes to maintaining the conditions for life on the Earth. This theory was developed in the nineteen seventies by microbiologists. The name Gaia was coined by James Lovelock or Lynn Margulis, who developed this idea. The London Geographical Society in 2006 awarded Lovelock a medal for his work in Earth systems science and geology.
Gaia was the goddess of earth in ancient Greek religion. We now say Greek mythology and some say all gods are mythical beings as they do not comply with Clifford’s Credo. Many people will not listen to educated people who have studied paleontology, geology, mathematics and science.
Santa Claus will be delivering toys to the well-behaved children this year. Adults know the truth about Santa this will not affect their conduct. They no longer need threats and promise to behave in an ethical way. The mentally ill need understanding and the ignorant need education ancient myths have been tested over a long time and clearly do not work.
Scientific minds have brought about all the modern technology that has made our life easier. Consider science as a savior, science has not caused the problems we face in the world today. They are caused by ignorance, greed and hate, wake up, war is our ignorance fueled by arrogance, hate and greed. War is our greatest environmental hazard, empathy is the antidote. By empathy I mean the ability to understand and share the feelings of another. Do not blame others, science or gods, the buck stops with you, in the sense of you as the demanding ego.
Please visit the links I have added and from there catch your own waves surfing the network in cyber space till your curiosity finds contentment. What a wondrous world science has given us to explore. Do not neglect this wonderful opportunity to learn. Why does man invariably abuse the incredible gifts from both nature and science? The answer to this billion dollar question is ignorance, ego, greed and hate. Education and empathy are the best weapons in life’s battle to survive.